- Humanitarian crises result from armed conflict, natural and technological disasters, and other causes of social upheaval and forced displacement.
- Neonatal mortality is highest in low-income settings, fragile states and countries that have recently experienced a humanitarian crisis, where risks of complications and infections are high.
- Challenges to newborn health service delivery in humanitarian settings include service disruption and facility destruction, population movement, competing priorities and insecurity.
- Globally, the three main causes of newborn deaths are direct preterm complications, severe infection and intrapartum-related complications.
- Ensuring access to respectful maternal and newborn health services and commodities during humanitarian crises is critical to improve outcomes for women and their newborns.
- Most interventions to save newborn lives can be successfully implemented in humanitarian settings.